Language Education and Technology <p>An Academic International Journal</p> <p>Language Education and Technology (LET Journal) publishes high quality research and reviews.</p> Levent Uzun en-US Language Education and Technology 2791-7010 Cultural Representation in Primary School English Language Teaching Textbooks in Chinese Mainland <p>This study aims to conduct a mixed-method analysis of <em>PEP Primary English, </em>a primary school English language teaching textbook series covering eight volumes widely used in Mainland China, to depict its representation of different cultures and explore whether the cultural representation follows the National English Language Curriculum Standard. Major results showed that considerable diversity was portrayed in the cultural representation of this textbook series whilst Chinese culture was appropriately represented in line with the values and ideologies embedded in Chinese society. The cultural content of this series generally accorded with the National Curriculum despite the provision of a few higher-level cultural topics. Three pedagogical suggestions were provided for future textbook adaptation and development, including a broader selection of cultural diversities and varieties of English, the use of implicit presentation and meaningful contexts for cultural content, and the implementation of ‘glocalisation’.</p> Xiaofei Tang Copyright (c) 2022 Xiaofei Tang 2022-04-04 2022-04-04 2 1 Perspectives and Experiences of EFL Preparatory Class Students on Online Formative Task-Based Assessment of Speaking Skills <p>The unforeseen Covid-19 outbreak prompted a dramatic shift to online teaching and assessment, pushing teachers to employ a variety of unconventional teaching strategies and assessment techniques. The aim of this study was to examine the perceptions and experiences of Turkish EFL learners regarding the online formative task-based speech assessment (OFTBSA) practice in the midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Qualitative case study design was used to achieve the purpose of the research. The main data collection tool was an open-ended questionnaire consisting of three questions created in line with the research questions of the study. In addition, an online focus group interview was conducted with 15 students. The results revealed that students were generally satisfied with the online implementation of the speaking exams, but poor internet connection was one of the biggest obstacles affecting their performance. Considering the findings, some conclusions were made about the ways to implement OFTBSA more effectively.</p> Sedat Korkmaz Copyright (c) 2022 Sedat Korkmaz 2022-03-03 2022-03-03 2 1 Turn-Taking and Negotiation of Meaning to Construct an Online Conversation Between Two Low-Intermediate Japanese EFL Learners <p>This illustrative case study aims to explore the use of turn-taking and negotiation of meaning between two low-intermediate female Japanese university students and consider pedagogical implications. After a voice-recorded online conversation between the participants via Zoom was transcribed by an online automatic transcription tool and the researcher, a conversation analysis was conducted based on Wong and Waring (2021). The findings illustrated that the participants utilised various negotiation strategies, especially confirmation check, clarification requests, and comprehension check, to elicit more information about the interlocutor and shift from one conversation topic to another. Furthermore, their first language communicative beliefs might play an important role in their use of negotiation and turn-taking. Therefore, language teachers may need to provide learners with many opportunities to learn and use various negotiation strategies in meaning-driven interactive activities whilst appreciating the learners’ first language communication cultures.</p> Naoya Shibata Copyright (c) 2022 Naoya Shibata 2022-04-04 2022-04-04 2 1