Language Education and Technology <p>An Academic International Journal</p> <p>Language Education and Technology (LET Journal) publishes high quality research and reviews.</p> en-US (LET Editor) (LET Admin) Fri, 25 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 60 Gender in Genshin Impact <p>With the prevalence of video games and becoming a hobby of players of all ages, discussions about violence and sexist content in games have come to the fore. According to some theories, these contents, can cause negative changes in the behaviors of individuals by corrupting their perspectives on gender and violence. These ideologies can exist linguistically as well as visually. For this reason, it is essential to examine the gender representations that appear in video games that contain a lot of repetitive linguistic input. In this study, dialogues of Genshin Impact, an action RPG video game developed by a Chinese company known as HoYoVerse was examined through corpus-assisted approach to find out how each gender is represented. SketchEngine and AntConc applications used for keywords, collocation and concordance lines analyses. The keyword analysis showed that women were underrepresented compared to men. Collocation and concordance lines analyses revealed that while males were represented mostly with verbs that denote bodily actions, women were almost equally represented with bodily and mental verbs. Adjectives indicating the psychological state of women were also found to be higher than men.&nbsp; Males were found to be the receivers of the violent acts while women were associated with supernatural powers, successful careers, and fame. Both genders were represented with familial roles, yet male roles were more related to patriarchal hierarchy while women roles imply a domestic bond. In general, the absence of sexualization and violent acts showed that there were better gender representations compared to previous games.</p> Nilüfer Erdur Copyright (c) 2022 Nilüfer Erdur Fri, 29 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0300 Cultural Representation in Primary School English Language Teaching Textbooks in Chinese Mainland <p>This study aims to conduct a mixed-method analysis of <em>PEP Primary English, </em>a primary school English language teaching textbook series covering eight volumes widely used in Mainland China, to depict its representation of different cultures and explore whether the cultural representation follows the National English Language Curriculum Standard. Major results showed that considerable diversity was portrayed in the cultural representation of this textbook series whilst Chinese culture was appropriately represented in line with the values and ideologies embedded in Chinese society. The cultural content of this series generally accorded with the National Curriculum despite the provision of a few higher-level cultural topics. Three pedagogical suggestions were provided for future textbook adaptation and development, including a broader selection of cultural diversities and varieties of English, the use of implicit presentation and meaningful contexts for cultural content, and the implementation of ‘glocalisation’.</p> Xiaofei Tang Copyright (c) 2022 Xiaofei Tang Mon, 04 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0300 Perspectives and Experiences of EFL Preparatory Class Students on Online Formative Task-Based Assessment of Speaking Skills <p>The unforeseen Covid-19 outbreak prompted a dramatic shift to online teaching and assessment, pushing teachers to employ a variety of unconventional teaching strategies and assessment techniques. The aim of this study was to examine the perceptions and experiences of Turkish EFL learners regarding the online formative task-based speech assessment (OFTBSA) practice in the midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Qualitative case study design was used to achieve the purpose of the research. The main data collection tool was an open-ended questionnaire consisting of three questions created in line with the research questions of the study. In addition, an online focus group interview was conducted with 15 students. The results revealed that students were generally satisfied with the online implementation of the speaking exams, but poor internet connection was one of the biggest obstacles affecting their performance. Considering the findings, some conclusions were made about the ways to implement OFTBSA more effectively.</p> Sedat Korkmaz Copyright (c) 2022 Sedat Korkmaz Thu, 03 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0300 Turn-Taking and Negotiation of Meaning to Construct an Online Conversation Between Two Low-Intermediate Japanese EFL Learners <p>This illustrative case study aims to explore the use of turn-taking and negotiation of meaning between two low-intermediate female Japanese university students and consider pedagogical implications. After a voice-recorded online conversation between the participants via Zoom was transcribed by an online automatic transcription tool and the researcher, a conversation analysis was conducted based on Wong and Waring (2021). The findings illustrated that the participants utilised various negotiation strategies, especially confirmation check, clarification requests, and comprehension check, to elicit more information about the interlocutor and shift from one conversation topic to another. Furthermore, their first language communicative beliefs might play an important role in their use of negotiation and turn-taking. Therefore, language teachers may need to provide learners with many opportunities to learn and use various negotiation strategies in meaning-driven interactive activities whilst appreciating the learners’ first language communication cultures.</p> Naoya Shibata Copyright (c) 2022 Naoya Shibata Mon, 04 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0300 Informal Digital Learning of English: Research to Practice <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The present book review presents a summary of the 8 chapters of the book Informal Digital Learning of English: Research to Practice by Ju Seong Lee. The book is about ‘Informal Digital Learning of English’ which is an emerging phenomenon in today’s digital era. Considering that many people are voluntarily engaged in learning via extramural or informal digital environments, IDLE plays a crucial role. The book mainly aims to explain IDLE, present experimental data on the relationship between IDLE and language learning outcomes, and provides pedagogical suggestions for English teachers.</span></p> Şevval Ertok Copyright (c) 2022 Şevval Ertok Sat, 30 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0300 Designing an ESL Assessment Test for Intermediate Students <p class="jetolabstract"><span lang="EN-US">As with all forms of testing, language testing performs a variety of roles, from representing levels of performance to social gatekeeping functions (McNamara, 2000). This paper will present a summative test for a specific group of learners in context. Moreover, the paper will provide the justification behind the choices made in item and task selection for the test. Hughes (2003) presents essential procedural guidelines for test construction, the first of which notes that the test purpose and type must be clearly defined. The test presented in this paper was an achievement test designed for first year Japanese polytechnic students in Kyoto, Japan, aged 18-20 who were studying English as either an elective subject or as a mandatory component of their first-year studies. </span></p> Justin Richardson, Matthew Michaud Copyright (c) 2022 Matthew Michaud, Justin Richardson Thu, 21 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0300